Products
Home /

Optical Material

/Infrared Optics Material

Infrared Optics Material

Inquiry now
  • description

1.  Germanium (Ge)


Germanium (Ge) is the preferred lens and window material for high performance infrared imaging systems in the 8–12 μm wavelength band. Its high refractive index makes Ge ideal for low power imaging systems because of minimum surface curvature. Chromatic aberration is small, often eliminating the need for correction.

 

Crystallographic properties
Syngony Cubic
Crystal Form Poly or Single Crystal
Lattice Constant 5.66
Cleavability <111>, non-perfect
Molecular Weight 72.6
Physical properties
Density, at 20 °C 5.33
Hardness, Mohs 6.3
Dielectric Constant for 9.37 × 109 Hz at 300 K 16.6
Melting 937
Thermal Conductivity, W/m·K at at 293 K 59
Thermal Expansion, 1/K at 298 K 6.1 × 10-6
Specific Heat Capacity, J/(kgK) at 273-373 K 0.074
Bandgap, eV 0.67
Knoop Hardness, kg/mm2 800
Youngs Modulus, Gpa 102.66
Shear Modulus, GPa 67.04
Bulk Modulus, GPa 77.86
Debye Temperature, K 370
Poissons Ratio 0.278
Elastic Coefficient C11=129, C12=48.3, C44=67.1
Apparent Elastic Limit 89.6 MPa (13000psi)
Chemical properties
Solubility in water None
Solubility in acids Soluble
Molecular Weight 72.59

2. Silicon (Si) 


Silicon (Si) is grown by Czochralski pulling techniques (CZ) and contains some oxygen that causes an absorption band at 9 microns.To avoid this, material can be prepared by a Float-Zone (FZ) process. Optical silicon is generally lightly doped (5 to 40 ohm cm) for best transmission above 10 microns, and doping is usually boron (P-type) and phosphorus (N-type). After doping silicon has a further pass band: 30 to 100 microns which is effective only in very high resistivity uncompensated material.
 
CZ Silicon is commonly used as substrate material for infrared reflectors and windows in the 1.5-8 micron region. The strong absorption band at 9 microns makes it unsuitable for CO2 laser transmission applications, but it is frequently used for laser mirrors because of its high thermal conductivity and low density. Application as window, lens in the 1.5 - 8 um region; Mirror for CO2 laser and spectrometer applications.
 

Crystallographic properties
Syngony Cubic
Lattice Constant, A 5.43
Physical properties
Density 2.33g/cm3
Hardness, Mohs 7
Dielectric Constant for 9.37 x 109 Hz 13
Melting point, оС 1414
Thermal Conductivity, W/m·K at 313 K 163
Thermal Expansion, 1/K at 293 K 2.6x10-6
Specific Heat Capacity, J/(kg°C) 712.8
Bandgap, eV 1.1
Knoop Hardness, kg/mm2 1100
Youngs Modulus, Gpa 130.91
Shear Modulus, GPan 79.92
Bulk Modulus, GPa 101.97
Debye Temperature, K 640
Poissons Ratio 0.28
Chemical properties
Solubility in water None
Molecular Weight 28.09

3、ZnS material:


ZnS MultiSpectral Under intense heat and pressure, defects within the crystalline lattice are virtually eliminated, leaving a water-clear material with minimal scatter and high transmission characteristics from 0.4 to 12 microns. This material is particularly well suited for high-performance common aperture systems that must perform across a broad wavelength spectrum.

Specifications:

Material: ZnS MultiSpectral
Diameter Tolerance: --------------------- +0.0, -0.1mm
Thickness Tolerance: -------------------- ±0.1mm
Clear Aperture: ---------------------------->85%
Parallelism: -----------------------------------3 arc minute
Surface Quality: ----------------------------80-50 scratch and dig
Wavefront Distortion: -------------------- λ /2 per 25mm @633mm
Bevel: -----------------------------------------Protective  (<0.2mm x 45° )
Coating: -------------------------------------- Optional (Uncoated, AR Coating, etc.)


4. ZnSe material


ZnSe is a preferred material for lenses, windows, output couplers and beam expanders for its low absorptivity at infrared wavelengths and its visible transmission. For high-power applications, it’s critical that the material bulk absorption and internal defect structure be carefully controlled, that minimum-damage polishing technology be employed, and the highest quality optical thin-film coatings are used. The material absorption is verified by CO2 laser vacuum calorimetry. Our quality assurance department provides testing and specific optics certification on request.

ZnSe is non-hygroscopic and chemically stable, unless treated with strong acids. It’s safe to use in most industrial field, and laboratory environments.



Send a Message
If you have any problem when using the website or our products, please write down your comments or suggestions, we will answer your questions as soon as possible!Thank you for your attention!
If you have questions or suggestions,please leave us a message,we will reply you as soon as we can!
Related Products
Optical color less glass
Optical Grade Glass
Optical glass can change the direction of light, as well as relative spectral distribution of ultraviolet, visible or infrared light.Optical glass material is the most common type because of its excellent optical properties such as high light transmission and environmental stability.
Colored Glass Substrates
Colored Glass(Cut-off, Absorption,-selective, Neutral color glass)

UNI Optics supply material include neutral density, short pass, long pass, band pass, ultraviolet, infrared,heat  absorbing, and color temperature conversion filters. Just point and click on the name above to view information on that manufacturers filters.

UN Grade Fused Silica
UV Fused Silica
Fused Silica is formed by chemical combination of silicon and oxygen. Fused Silica is perfect optical material due to its good UV and IR transmission, low coefficient of thermal expansion. It has high stability and resistance to thermal shock over large temperature excursions, wide temperature operating range and high laser damage threshold.
Laser Crystal
Optical Crystals

Crystal are most applied for laser application. UNI OPTICS offer the following crystal products.

1. Laser Crystals and Rods: YAG crystal, Nd: YVO4 Crystal

2. Nonlinear Crystals: BBO, KTP, LiNbO3, LBO. KDP&DKDP
3. Birefringent Crystals: YVO4, a-BBO, Calcite.

BK7 Laser Grade Mirrors
Laser Grade Line Mirrors
Laser mirrors are fabricated with specialized coatings, which will offer high damage thresholds.
Beamsplitter Penta Prisms
MgF2 Coated, Penta Prism Beamsplitter
Beamsplitter Penta Prism by adding a wedge and with partial reflective coating on one of its leaning surfaces, Penta Prism can be used as Beamsplitter. Transmission/reflection (T/R) ratio of 50/50, or others for Beamsplitter Penta Prism is available upon request.
IR Windows Silicon Windows
Silicon Windows
Silicon is used as an optical window primarily in the 3 to 5 micron band and as a subsrate for production of optical filters and windows.
Micro-components-Rod Lenses
Micro Sizes Rod Lens
Rod Lenses are used for fiber coupling and laser diode beam shaping, lenses with a 0mm working distance are ideal for collimation of single and multi-mode optical fibers and laser diodes because the lens can be positioned and glued directly to the emission source. For focusing applications, or in instances where the lens can’t be in direct contact with the emission source, all lenses are available with a small working distance as well. UNI Optics can provide the size from Φ1~Φ15mm, quantity price and custom sizes, including variations in polished/ground surfaces, are available to OEM customers upon request.
Plano-Convex Circular Cylindrical Lenses
Optical glass Plano Convex Circular Cylindrical Lenses
Plano-convex circurlar cylindrical lenses are useful for line imaging or uni-axial magnification in a wide range of applications. These lenses may be combined with other lenses to form complex imaging systems.
Beamsplitters Plates
Visible and NIR Plate Beamsplitters
Our beamsplitter plates can be used in high power laser system. When using beamsplitter plates, it is important to make it in mind that the two partial beams travel in different optical paths. The optical paths depend on the incident angle and the thickness of plates.
Crown Glass Double-Convex Lenses
MgF2 Coated Double-Convex (DCX) Lenses
Double Convex Lenses are used in image relay applications, or for imaging objects at close conjugates. Double Convex Lenses have positive focal lengths, along with two convex surfaces with equal radii. Aberrations will increase as the conjugate ratios increase. DCV Lenses are used in a range of industries or applications. Uni-Optics offers Double Convex lenses with a variety of coating options.
Fused Silica Wedges Prisms
N-BK7 and Fused Silica Wedge Prisms
Wedge prism is an optical element with plane-inclined surfaces, usually the faces are inclined toward one another at a very small angles.  It diverts light toward its thicker portion.  Wedge prisms can be used as isolating components. Wedges may also be used to produce a small deviation which doesnt allow return to source.
Subscribe Our Newsletter
get in touch
REQUEST A FREE QUOTE
If you have any problem when using the website or our products, please write down your comments or suggestions, we will answer your questions as soon as possible!Thank you for your attention!

Copyright © UNI OPTICS CO., LTD © All Rights Reserved.

leave a message

Home

Products

COMPANY

Contact