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Silicon Windows

Silicon is used as an optical window primarily in the 3 to 5 micron band and as a subsrate for production of optical filters and windows.
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IR Windows Silicon Windows

Silicon (Si) is grown by Czochralski pulling techniques (CZ) and contains some oxygen that causes an absorption band at 9 microns. To avoid this, material can be prepared by a Float-Zone (FZ) process. Optical silicon is generally lightly doped (5 to 40 ohm cm) for best transmission above 10 microns, and doping is usually boron (P-type) and phosphorus (N-type). After doping silicon has a further pass band: 30 to 100 microns which is effective only in very high resistivity uncompensated material.

CZ Silicon is commonly used as substrate material for infrared reflectors and windows in the 1.5-8 micron region. The strong absorption band at 9 microns makes it unsuitable for CO2 laser transmission applications, but it is frequently used for laser mirrors because of its high thermal conductivity and low density.

Application as Silicon window, Silicon lens in the 1.5-7um region; Silicon Mirror for CO2 laser and spectrometer applications.

Silicon(SI) Windows SPECIFICATION:

Material: Silicon(Si)
Dimension Tolerance: +0.0, -0.1mm
Thickness Tolerance: ± 0.1mm
Surface quality: 60/40
Clear Aperture: >85%
Flatness: λper 25mm
Parallelism: 3'
Bevel: <0.25mm X 45°
Coating: AR Coated or HR Coated
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1、What Metallic Coated types can Uni-Optics supply?

Uni-Optics mainly offers four coating types, including:

1) UV Enhanced Aluminum : Ravg > 85% from 250nm to 400nm

2) Protected Aluminum: Ravg > 87% from 400nm to 800nm

3) Protected Silver: Ravg > 95% from 400nm to 20um

4) Protected Gold: Ravg > 98% from 650nm to 16um

2、What are the features of Metallic coated mirror?

Metallic coated mirror have many key features below:

Wide spectral range

Not sensitive to the incidence angle and polarization state

Low cost


Relatively low reflectance

Low laser damage threshold

3、What UNI Optics can do for you?

Common Specifications:

Substrate Materials: N-BK7, Fused silica, Pyrex;Float glass

Dimensional tolerance: +/-0.1mm

Surface quality:  60-40

Parallelism:  3’

Flatness: λ/4 per 25mm@633nm

Bevel: Protective

One surface: Polished and Metallic coating

The other surface: Fine ground

Note: Aluminum is the most widely used metal reflection film, from near UV to near IR, have high reflectivity, and with low cost. Silver has higher reflectivity in the visible and near infrared wavelength than the aluminum film, but the silver in the air will be rapid oxidation, color darkening, makes the film performance and firmness declined rapidly. Gold film has a good consistency with high reflectivity in the near, middle and far infrared range, can control the thermal radiation effectively, but it is relatively soft, easy bruising, and should be paid very close attention to clean, and the cost is very high.

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